Glossary

M

Mammogram (Mammography)

A low-doseX-ray picture of the breasts to determine whether abnormal growths or cysts are present.

Mastectomy

The surgical removal of the breast.

Mastectomy - Radical

Removal of the entire breast along with underlying muscle and lymph nodes of the armpit.

Melanoma

Cancer of the pigment-forming cells of the skin or the retina of the eye.

Mastectomy - Segmental (lumpectomy)

Removal of the lump and a small amount of surrounding breast tissue.

Mastectomy - Simple (modified mastectomy)

Removal of the entire breast.

Medical Oncologist

A doctor who specializes in using chemotherapy to treat cancer.

Metastasize

The spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another by way of the lymph system, blood stream or direct extension.

Metastron (Strontium 89)

A recently FDA approved non-narcotic radiopharmiceutical medication designed for the relief of bone pain associated with metastatic cancer.

Monoclonal antibodies

Artificially manufactured antibodies specifically designed to find targets on cancer cells for diagnostic or treatment purposes.

Morbidity

Relates to becoming less healthy or sick resulting from a treatment or disease.

MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)

A picture produced by a computer and a high powered magnet that shows a detailed X-ray type image of a particular body part or region. Very useful to evaluate the soft tissue of the body.

Mucosa (Mucous membranes)

The lining of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

Mucositis

Inflammation of the lining of the mouth or gastrointestinal tract. .

Myelogram

An X-ray procedure by which a dye is injected into the spinal column to show any change of the spinal cord.

Myeloma

A malignant tumor of the bone marrow associated with the production of abnormal proteins.

Myelosuppression

See bone marrow suppression.

N

Neoplasm

A new growth of tissue or cells; a tumor that is generally malignant.

Neutropenia

A decreased number of neutrophils, a type of white blood cells.

Nocturia

A condition where an individual must get up several times during the night to urinate.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

A cancer of the lymphatic system. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is related to Hodgkin's disease but is made up of different cell types.

Nuclear Scan

A procedure in which a weak radioactive material called a radioactive tracer is injected in the blood. The material is taken up by the body, and a machine moves over the area being tested to collect the emission of the radioactive tracer.

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